Risks for transmission
- Transmission occurs primarily during close sexual and non-sexual contact
- Scabies can live for three days in the bedding, towels and clothes of an infected individual. These items can be a source of transmission.
- Within three to four weeks of infestation, symptoms can include intense night-time itchiness and a reddish rash.
- The lesions are usually in the hands, wrists, armpits, waist, nipples, around the belly button, and in the male genitalia.
- With recurrences, the same symptoms occur, but more rapidly, usually within hours of infestation.
- Taking a skin scraping of the burrow to remove the mite
- The Burrow Ink Test (BIT) as scabies burrows under the skin retain pen ink
- Treatment consists of a medical cream or shampoo; special consideration is given to infestations in the eyelashes. If the first treatment does not work it can be repeated after one week.
- All household contacts and recent sexual partners within the past month should be treated to prevent re-infestation.
- Clothing, bedding and other possible contaminated items should be washed or dry cleaned, or bagged for three days to one week. Items that cannot be washed or bagged should be vacuumed.
- Persistent scratching of irritated skin can cause a secondary bacterial infection.
- Severe infections are commonly seen in people with compromised immune systems: the skin can become scaly or crusty, requiring more complex and aggressive treatment.