What you should know
What Causes Vulvovaginal Candidiasis?
- A type of yeast called Candida naturally lives in the body, including in the vagina. Vaginal yeast infections occur when Candida levels in the vagina are higher than normal.
- You are more likely to get VVC if you:
- Are pregnant
- Have recently used antibiotics
- Have a weakened immune system
- Have had sex
- Have diabetes
- Thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that doesn’t smell
- Pain or burning during urination
- Vaginal and vulvar itching, pain, burning, redness, and/or swelling
- Pain during sex
- Avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics
- Avoid douching
- Eat a healthy diet and limit foods high in sugar
- Wear loose-fitting, cotton clothing
- A health care provider will ask you some questions about your medical history, then perform a pelvic exam and take a sample of the vaginal discharge. The sample will then be tested.
- Depending on the severity of the current infection and on how often you get yeast infections, a health care provider will recommend an antifungal cream, ointment, oral pill, or ovule (tablet that is inserted into the vagina).
- VVC in pregnancy can be associated with more severe symptoms and require longer treatment. Only creams and ointments are recommended for treatment in pregnancy.